EU Seventh Program

Compiled list of full-scale references for P recovery from wastewater stream available for download here

The table includes full-scale references operational or under construction/tendered.

It will be frequently updated. If you have any information about facilities not already included, pls. feel free to contact us.

The document can be found in the download section.

Novelle der Klärschlammverordnung - Bundesrat stimmt am 12. Mai 2017 ab

Nachdem im Januar das Bundeskabinett und im März der Bundestag über die Novelle der Klärschlammverordnung abgestimmt haben, findet am 12.5.2017 die Abstimmung im Bundesrat statt.

Unter folgendem Link sind die jüngste Fassung des Verordnungsentwurfs, als auch die Empfehlungen der drei Bundestagsausschüsse für Umwelt, Landwirtschaft und Wirtschaft zu finden:




Austria: Opting for manadatory P recovery from sewage sludge in new draft waste plan 2017

Following the legislative developments in Switzerland and Germany, Austria is now also opting for mandatory P recovery from municipal sewage sludge.

The draft Federal Waste Plan 2017 (Bundes-Abfallwirtschaftsplan) includes a ban of direct land application or composting for sewage sludge generated at Wastewater Treatment Plants with capacities of 20,000 p.e. or above within a transition phase of 10 years. (see chapter 7.5 in the waste plan part 1, link below).

Alternatively, these WWTP will have to recover the P from sludge onsite targeting P contents below 20 g P / kg dry solids or have to deliver their sludge to sludge mono-incinerators. The P is then to be reovered from the sewage sludge ashes obtained.

This regulation will cover 90% of the P contained in the Austrian municipal wastewater. 

Link to Austrian Ministry of the Environment and draft waste plan:


Germany: Federal Cabinet passes new Sewage Sludge Ordinance

P recovery from sewage sludge will be mandatory for Sewage Treatment Plants above 50,000 p.e. after transition phase

After more than 10 years of revision and heated debates, the new draft of the German sewage sludge ordinance has been sent by the Federal Ministry of Environment (BMUB) to the European Commission for notification at September 26th 2016. The notification to EC is a typical procedure for new member state regulations according to directive 2015/1535/EU. The EC has approved without remarks by 27 Dec 2016. The content cannot be changed afterwards except for minor adaptions.

On January 18th, the new sewage sludge ordinance has passed the German cabinet. It is supposed to pass the parliament and Federal Council of Germany before summer. Intended dates are 31 March for the parliament and 12 May for the council.

Once approved by both chambers, it may enter into force with a date 1st January 2018 making phosphorus recovery from sewage sludge obligatory for all German WWTP larger than 50,000 person equivalents (~500 WWTP out of ~9300 WWTP). They will have to recover the phosphorus if the sludge contains more than 2% phosphorus /DS (dry solids) or have to incinerate the sludge in mono-incinerators. Land application of sludge will only be allowed for WWTP < 50,000 p.e.. These ~500 WWTP represent roughly 66% of the total phosphorus removed from German wastewater and transferred into the sludge.

WWTP above 100,000 p.e. will have to fulfill the new P recovery requirements 2029, after a 12 year transition phase. The WWTP of 50,000 to 100,000 p.e. get 3 more years for implementation.

All effected WWTP have to develop P recovery concepts by 2023.

The currently 26% (2014) of sludge spread on arable land are expected to half as consequence of the new fertilizing ordinance (DüV) and sewage sludge ordinance (AbfKlärV) entering into force. The fertilizing ordinance is the German implementation of the nitrates directive and will dramatically affect the sludge disposal or valorization in Germany already next year.


Related links to:

German Government


BMUB - Federal Ministry for the Environment



P-REX: Summary and recommendations for P recyclates in a new fertiliser regulation


In recent years several ways of recovering phosphorous from municipal wastewater have been developed. Depending on the applied technology the recovered materials as well as the quality of sewage sludge vary significantly concerning the concentrations of heavy metals and organic residues. A comparative risk assessment of seven renewable and not certified phosphorus fertilizers, sewage sludge, raw ash and triple super phosphates has been conducted for PCDD/Fs + dl-PCBs, PAHs, As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb and Zn. Results indicate that Cd and Zn are of concern under specific conditions for some endpoints. Additional risk reduction measures are recommended for many observed substances and endpoints to reduce risks to a negligible level. The use of limit values as one instrument in fertilizer regulations is one possible measure for risk reduction. Considering the results of this risk assessment, substance-contents in materials and current fertilizer policies; the effectiveness of stricter limit values to reduce the input of hazardous substances into the ecosystem is assessed and risk-based values are proposed.

Now available in the download section

DPP Forum 2016

The next meeting of the successful „DPP-FORUM“ will be held in Berlin on November 11. Due to the fact that nutrient management is not only a national topic we widen our annual conference to contributions from other European countries – also for encouraging the idea of bringing together stakeholders in the area of nutrient management and nutrient recovery. We are looking forward to a fruitful discussion of achievements and future trends in nutrient related topics from research and development as well as from implementation and strategical thinking.

Register here:


P-Rückgewinnung & Recycling in Europa - ein kurzer Überblick!

ARREAU Struvite Recovery & Recycling Learning Alliance kick-off

When: 16 June 2016

Where: WWTP Amersfoort, NL

Are you operating or intending to implement struvite recovery at your WWTP? Meet European struvite recovery operators willing to share their practical experience and learn more about running recovery technologies. Join us at the ARREAU Struvite Recovery & Recycling Learning Alliance (SRRLA) kick-off workshop in Amersfoort. The workshop will be linked to the official commissioning of the first WASSTRIP / PEARL / LYSOTHERM facility in the world.

 The main topics have been:

·         Struvite recovery at work – advantages and limitations

·         Bridging the gap from recovery to recycling  – practical and legal aspects

·         Discuss with operators

·         Meet technology providers and downstream users

·         Technical tour at WWTP Amersfoort

Location and Organisation

The event has been organized by the EIP WATER Action Group ARREAU and the local Waterboard Vallei en Veluwe at

WWTP Amersfoort: Neonweg 30, 3812 RH Amersfoort, The Netherlands


The slides are provided in the download section:

RISE FOUNDATION - Full Report: Nutrient Recovery and Reuse (NRR) in European Agriculture

The study engages a multi-disciplinery approach to bring together in a more integrated way, knowledge and expertise which is found in the separate worlds of agricultural science and farming, the food industry, water and sewage treatment industries and environmental and waste regulation.  Specifically, it aims to provide greater clarity on the following questions:

- What is the scope for nutrient recovery and reuse in Europe?

- What are the issues and opportunities involved?

- What are the actions that could support the development of nutrient recovery   and resue in Europe?


The report is available for download here:

P-REX updated map/status of P recovery and recycling from wastewater units in Europe, North America, China and Japan

The map reflects location and status of currently planned, under construction and operating P recovery from wastewater stream facilities in Europe and around the Globe.

If you are aware of facilities not indicated here or having matured to a higher status, please give us notice. We are more than happy to complement the map. Frequent updates will be done anyway.

Follow the link:

Last update: 18 Apr 2016

8th International Phosphorus Workshop (IPW8) in Rostock (Germany)


When: 12 - 16 September 2016

Where: Rostock (Germany)

hosted by the The Leibniz ScienceCampus Phosphorus Research Rostock

Event website:

Phosphorus (P) is of vital importance for all life on Earth. It is a major component in animal feed and plant fertilizers but, when present in excess, also a disruptive element in freshwater and marine water bodies. Today, limitations in global mineral P resources have strengthened the demand for efficient alternative P sources and for P-recycling technologies. The International Phosphorus Workshops (IPWs) are well-known for presenting the latest results of research into agricultural and environmental P cycles as well as new methods of P analysis. Recently, environmental problems arising from P surplus on the one hand side and the implications for food production posed by P deficiencies on the other have made fair and sustainable P distribution a societal challenge. Therefore, at the IPW8, P governance will be an important focus. In addition, given the research interests of the hosting Leibniz-ScienceCampus, the role of P in catalytic reactions and technical applications will debut as a workshop topic. Other topics, addressing subjects ranging from the atomic/molecular to the societal, are guaranteed to stimulate interesting and productive transdisciplinary discussions covered by the IPW8. The themes of the workshop are:

• Phosphorus cycles and fluxes in the environment

• Sufficiency and efficiency of phosphorus utilization

• Phosphorus recycling: technologies and product applications

• Syntheses of and with phosphorus- containing compounds

• The development of advanced phosphorus analysis methods

• From knowledge to action: phosphorus-related issues in politics and society

2nd International Conference on Sustainable Phosphorus Chemistry

Register now for the ICSPC2016

9-10 March 2016 in Berlin

New Swiss waste regulation includes P recovery obligation and enters into force 1 January 2016 with 10 years transition phase

Revidierte Technische Verordnung über Abfälle: Schritt zur Ressourcenschonung

Bern, 04.12.2015 - Die Totalrevision der Technischen Verordnung über Abfälle räumt der Vermeidung, Verminderung und gezielten Verwertung von Abfällen einen höheren Stellenwert ein. Um diese Erweiterung abzubilden, heisst sie neu «Verordnung über die Vermeidung und die Entsorgung von Abfällen» (VVEA). Der Bundesrat hat die revidierte Verordnung an seiner heutigen Sitzung gutgeheissen und auf den 1. Januar 2016 in Kraft gesetzt.

Notwendig war die Totalrevision, um den Veränderungen der vergangenen Jahrzehnte gerecht zu werden und die neuen Herausforderungen in der Schweizer Abfallwirtschaft zu meistern. Die wichtigsten Änderungen der neu benannten «Verordnung über die Vermeidung und die Entsorgung von Abfällen» (VVEA), kurz «Abfallverordnung», sind folgende:

  • Neu enthält sie Vorschriften für die Verwertung von biogenen Abfällen, wie beispielsweise von Lebensmitteln oder Holzabfällen.
  • Die Vorgaben für Deponien wurden dem Stand der Technik angepasst. Dabei wurde klarer geregelt, wie die Nachsorge nach Abschluss des Deponiebetriebs sichergestellt werden muss.
  • Die Phosphorrückgewinnung aus Klärschlamm, Tier- und Knochenmehl wird zur Pflicht. Es gilt eine Übergangsfrist von zehn Jahren.
  • Neu präzisiert die Verordnung, wie Abfälle in Zementwerken verwertet werden dürfen.
  • Berichterstattung, Informationspflicht und Ausbildung werden neu geregelt.

Der Bundesrat hat heute die VVEA auf den 1. Januar 2016 in Kraft gesetzt.

manuREsource 2015


After the successful first edition of the conference on manure management and valorization, the Organising Committee wants to continue their work on exchanging experiences and knowledge between European regions on effective policy measures dealing with manure surplus and innovations in manure treatment technologies. Several regions in and outside the EU are confronted with a high nutrient pressure and manure surpluses because of intensive livestock production. The different EU Member states have therefore developed and implemented regional action plans and manure management policies in the framework of the EU Nitrates Directive, in order to cope with these manure surpluses. Manure treatment is one of the options for manure surplus management.

Register here:


Sound Data Alliance - Data on Nutrients to Support Stewardship DONUTSS workshop

Register here:


ESPP, with support of the EU (DG GROW), is launching work to identify what data is needed on nutrient stocks and flows by industry, agriculture and decision makers, to support stewardship decisions, circular economy objectives and management actions, and how this data should be monitored.

This targets phosphorus (P), potassium (K), possibly other nutrients. Existing work is already underway on nitrogen, e.g. INI - there are links and experience transfer, but duplication should be avoided.

To date, around 20 phosphorus flow studies have been published in different countries and regions of Europe (see below). However, the methodologies used, sectors covered (agriculture, industry, households etc. ), spatial scales and time-horizons are very variable so that results cannot be compared. Many regions have no useable phosphorus flow data. Data for other nutrients is even more scarce and disjoined. Where data is available, it is not readily accessible to stakeholders and is not orientated towards identifying points of possible effective action. Data is rarely updated, so following results of system changes or of impacts of nutrient management actions is not possible. 


The need for improved knowledge of phosphorus flows was the first conclusion of the European Commission Consultative Communication on the Sustainable Use of Phosphorus (Staff Working Document SWD(2014)263final): “In terms of ascertaining the extent of phosphorus supply and demand, … the replies pointed to a need to increase the knowledge base.

Phosphate rock is on the EU list of Critical Raw Materials and an MFA (materials flow analysis) is currently underway. The stakeholders meeting already confirmed the considerable insufficiencies of information currently available to input to this MFA. Now is therefore the time to start to complete the information base in preparation for the next MFA exercise planned in three years’ time (2017).

To launch this work, a workshop is organised in Ghent, 3-4 September 2015 (with Biorefine and Ghent University). This will look at both the gaps in scientific knowledge and methodology for nutrient flow analysis, the operational needs of industry actors and decision makers, and the capacity of data monitoring bodies.

EC public consultation on the circular economy - deadline Thursday 20th Aug 2015

The European Commissions public consultation on the Circular Economy closes very soon (20th August 2015). All engaged organizations or individuals are encouraged to share views and ideas to foster the paradigm shift towards a sustainable circular economy here:

P-REX Final International Workshop Proceedings

Most of the Amsterdam workshop proceedings now available in the download section of the P-REX website.

P-REX Final International Workshop Programme

P-REX Policy Brief and Process Factsheets now public and available in the Download section

eMarket for recovered nutrients now online

The eMarket for recovered nutrients developed within the project P-REX is now online. It is incorporated into the website of the European Sustainable Phosphorus Platform and waits for you to make use of it!


2nd European Sustainable Phosphorus Conference 2015 in Berlin

The 2nd European Sustainable Phosphorus Conference (ESPC-2), jointly organized by ESPP and DPP is scheduled for 5/6 March 2015 in Berlin.

More than 330 stakeholders from science, industry and policy registered.

For more information please see:


Forum der DPP - Wie kritisch ist die Versorgung mit dem "Lebensmittel" Phosphor

21. November 2014, 10:00 – 17:00 Uhr

Bayerische Vertretung in Berlin, Behrenstraße 21/22, 10117 Berlin

More details:




Second BCE bulletin now available:


European Commission adds phosphate rock to Critical Raw Materials List26.05.2014

Revised list includes 20 raw materials now. More ...

Summer School of the European Research Project P-REX in Basel, Switzerland, 10.-12. September 201429.04.2014

Implementation of Phosphorus Recovery from Wastewater - Why and How?More ...

Phosphorpotenziale im Land Berlin31.03.2014

P-POT report available in German.

Meat Atlas - Facts and figures about the animals we eat07.01.2014

Food is a necessity. And it’s very personal. Satisfaction reflects ethical decisions, and private concerns can be very political in nature. We are more and more alienated from what is on our plates and in our hands, so...More ...

ManuREsource 201505.12.2013

ManuREsource 2015 – international conference on manure management and valorization in Ghent (2.-4.12.2015)More ...

P-REX Workshop on Recycled Phosphorus Fertilizer- market chances and requirements17.09.2013

A total of 55 stakeholders from 11 European countries, covering the value chain from wastewater treatment via fertilizer factory to farm participated in the P-REX workshop on “Recycled Phosphorus Fertilizer- Market Chances and...More ...

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